Step 1: Cut a Notch in the Felling Direction Make it a big notch that goes more than halfway through the tree. The process takes a few months, and allows the stump to die over time, similarly to the plastic wrap technique. You should assume any link is an affiliate link. Wha… The hard hat will protect your head from falling branches that may hit you as they fall. Naturally, the larger the tree the more expensive it will be to cut it down. If the tree you’re cutting down is small and skinny enough to be considered small, a full sized felling axe will still do the job but might not be necessary. Start the cut on the opposite side of the notch of the tree, 1 inch above the hinge of the notch. We can either choose to chop it from either side or only one. To avoid injury, make sure there are no people, pets, and … If you want the job done right with minimal risk of injury or property damage this guide will inform you on how to cut down a tree properly and what measures need to be taken to ensure safety. Chop 45 degrees downward for the top of the notch and then move up the tree just a bit, and chop 45 degrees downward again. This will make for less work on your part. Take note of the fact that the tree can still fall literally anywhere, despite our attempt to guide its fall in a particular direction. There’s much more to it than simply taking a chainsaw to a tree and hoping for the best. These typically weigh 1.5-3 pounds (0.7-1.4 kg) and are 20–28 inches (51–71 cm) long. “Where does it go next?”is a question you should always ask when using a cutting tool. If you notice the tree is leaning a particular way, it will probably be easiest to have it fall that way. What did the Man do but fix it into the axe head, and soon set to work cutting down tree after tree. We need to scan for any traces of movement by looking upward at the branches. You can't cut down trees with a saw. When felling a tree, the rule of thumb is to make the depth of the notch one-fifth of the tree trunk's diameter. Why do we have to do that? It depends on the type of ax, the size of the tree, and the ability of the user. Allow the chainsaw to work the cut; do not work it in a sawing motion. Start with a coarse sandpaper and rub with an even pressure. To cut it with a hand saw, first make sure the saw blade is sharp so that you don’t have to put much pressure when sawing. We also need to make sure (and double check) whether the rope is as tight as possible. She and her husband Arnie work their 10-acre homestead together alongside their growing family. Before we chop down a tree, it’s important that our axe is as sharp as it gets. For example, falling limbs, branches, and other flyaway objects might hurl at our face. Step 6 - Cut the Other Side. We need to tie the second end to another tree or a stable surface (a large rock, for example). There, we need to make a deep horizontal cut that’ll end halfway through the trunk. You need to inspect your handle for any cracks. Do not try to fell a tree against the wind. A full-sized felling axe with a 36″ in length will do the job just fine. Alternatively, we might want to use it as firewood, since that seems to be the number one reason for chopping it down. Next, use the tip of your chainsaw to make a bore cut from a couple of inches past the notch to the opposite side of the tree trunk. Either way, when a tree has an offset center of gravity, that means it would fall in a particular direction once we cut it down. It is not practical to do so. There are a couple different ways to fell a tree, being a chainsaw or an axe. The difference between felling a tree with an axe comes in how you do the back cut. Cut a horizontal cut low on the "front" of the tree, going through about 40 per cent of the tree's thickness. Instead of making the back cut perfectly perpendicular to the tree like you would with a chainsaw, you’re going to make another 45-degree cut with your ax on the opposite side and two inches above your face cut. If you have a leading leg toward the tree you can get hit with the axe and be seriously injured. Whilst an axe is the most effective way of doing it, any equippable weapon will do it. Continue to chop in 45 degree angle chops, with each chop opposite each other. A tree can be extremely dangerous once it starts falling (an obvious statement, we know). If your axe needs sharpening, be sure to do that first. It’s going to take several strong chops to carve out that gap and extend it to one-third into the tree trunk. To chop down a tree with a chainsaw, cut a horizontal line about ⅓ of the way into the tree. The secret is to make one chop downward at the top of the cut and the next chop upward at the bottom of the cut. Before chopping a tree down, select the place where it is to fall, a place where it will not be liable to lodge in another tree on its way down. Keep this in mind while you use the axe on the stump. Look at the tree and see which direction it is leaning. Lets you dig down to the next one. An axe is designed to cut and chop wood, while a maul is made to split wood. However, both methods require a bit of know-how and skill. That’s what’s going to allows us to make a deeper cut from both sides of the tree. If we brought other people and pets with us we need to make sure that they’re at a safe distance too. Alternatively, you can learn how to remove a tree stump here. This will start the tree to fall. Pursuing Outdoors LLC is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Whichever method you use to cut down a tree, it can still be dangerous. cut down trees, but not so much about actually cutting firewood after the tree has been felled and stripped of it’s branches (called snedding or limbing in arborist speak). To help the tree go where you want it you can use felling wedges. As for the trunk, we have to process it into smaller pieces so that it can be stored away. Cutting down a tree with an axe. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. At this point, the tree is likely to be unstable so we can expect it to fall soon. Before starting to cut down the trunk, you need to cut down the branches first to make way for easy maneuver around it. To fell a tree with a chainsaw, first position your chainsaw 1-2 feet off the ground and at a 70°angle, and cut a notch ⅓ of the way through the tree trunk. We hope that our readers were able to extract some value from this article and find the info that they were looking for. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The amount of back lean that can be overcome is based on the height and diameter of the tree to be felled. Either way, the strike needs to end up directly in front of us. Be sure that there are no buildings, houses, power lines, or vehicles in the range of where the tree can fall and hit it. We can also look for weak points in the tree and use that to our advantage. A Man came into a Wood one day with an axe in his hand, and begged all the Trees to give him a small branch which he wanted for a particular purpose. We have a guide on how to sharpen an axe for our readers if they want to inform themselves better about the whole procedure. As they expertly pulled the tool back and forth in rhythm, the saw’s frighteningly sharp teeth cut through the wood like it was soft butter. Aug 29, 2014 @ 10:04am ... you can cut em down with just about any melee weapon.... i've been using a … The next cut is at a downward angle above the first cut, about 60 degrees or so, at a depth so the two cuts meet. Sarah honed her self-reliance skills through 4-H and FFA at an early age and is now teaching her children to live off the land, raise livestock, and the importance of both sustainability and frugality. You can't cut down trees with a saw. These features help it drive between the wood fibers and split the tree apart. If the axe is sharp, a 12 inch diameter tree can be felled in less about 5 min. That’s completely unnecessary. People should consider the fact whether they’re right-handed or left-handed during the planning phase as well. Start the felling cut (back of tree) by aligning the guide bar slightly above the bottom of the sink cut, ensuring that you are standing to the side of the tree when making this cut. The felling axe is designed to cut trees, but with so many brands, it’s not easy finding the best felling axe for the money. The reason for that is usually the slanted ground on which it stands. Take a saw, kneel down at the tree’s base, and make a level cut, in most cases one parallel to the ground. To clean the head of the axe you need to remove any dirt or rust, do this with steel wool or sandpaper. Chopping wood is cutting across the grain, such as when a tree is cut down with an axe. Select the direction you want the tree to fall and start to notch it there. Ease of access is important too as the more difficult it is to get to the tree the longer it will take and thus the cost will increase. So if you are the big tree We are the small axe Ready to cut you down (well sharp) To cut you down These are the words Of my master, keep on tellin' me No weak heart Shall prosper And whosoever diggeth a pit ... We are the small axe Ready to cut you down (well sharp) To cut you down There will be little bits of wood that can hit you in the eyes and face as you are chopping with the axe. Keep the wooden handle covered with linseed oil to prevent it from cracking and drying out. If the tree you’re cutting down is small and skinny enough to be considered small, a full sized felling axe will still do the job but might not be necessary. This type of wood is often easy to find – check Craigslist and someone in your area usually just got down a tree and is trying to get rid of the wood. So having an escape route planned out before we start chopping down the tree can only be beneficial. However, these methods are the ones that have worked for us, which is why we wanted to share them. There’s no real way of knowing what might happen, and when, for that matter. Now that we know how to plan things out, what to chop and which axe to use, we can finally address the details. The amount of back lean that can be overcome is based on the height and diameter of the tree to be felled. Make a cut on the other side of the tree towards the notch. Also, let the tree work with you, look for cracks in the wood and aim for them. Gransfors used hand forged solid steel to produce the head weighing 3.3 pounds, and the blade of the … The hinge helps to hold the tree in place as it starts to fall, and helps to prevent kick back off of the stump. Chopping With An Axe: If you’re using an axe, then start with a 45 degree angle chop (to create a notch) on the side that you plan for the tree to call. There are times that you would choose to cut down a tree with an axe over doing it with a chainsaw. It’l work sure, but a smaller axe will be able to do the job just fine. Now, selecting the right tree might depend on what we intend to use it for. One of the key things to do is to prepare ourselves for when the tree starts falling down. There is a difference in an axe and a wood maul. Moreover, we have to know from which angle to swing and which way it’ll fall (more on that later). Before we start chopping, we need to position ourselves so that we’re hitting the tree with our main hand. Cut a notch on the side of the tree facing the direction you wish it to fall (Fig. In other words, I basically want to switch directions the tree will fall. That should be the side that faces the direction in which we want the tree to fall. Learn how your comment data is processed. Once you have decided on the tree that you are going to cut down then you need to observe your surroundings. The most important thing to consider here is that we don’t have to strain our muscles. It might start swaying and spinning around as it’s falling down. Use the sharpened end of the mattock to chop your way through the tree roots. However, keep in mind that dead trees can be dangerous to deal with sometimes because their limbs are liable to snapping at any point. The axe is designed to chop across wood fibers while the maul splits with the grain of the wood. I suggest that you tie a string or rope around the tree then use spray paint to mark your cuts. It’s not the quickest way to kill a tree stump, but you can accelerate the process by combining techniques. Keep on digging and chopping your way under the root ball to the taproot. So once we take into account and follow these general rules, we can start looking for a suitable tree. Now, when the tree we want to fell stands in the middle of a clearing, it won’t really matter to which direction it falls, right? They are most likely to snap when the tree starts falling down. Of course it depends on the size of the tree. As the back cut is sawn, the wedges are driven in with an axe. Look at the landscape, are there other trees around that it may get hung up on as it is falling or is there a hill that it may go over? Even a fork, but that'll take some time :p Just attack the tree and you should hear a satisfying "thunk" sound. Therefore, we should always target old and dead trees while trying to avoid chopping down saplings. First we make the front cut – sometimes called the gob cut – with the axe. Because that’s going to direct the tree where we want it. A wedge and sledge will keep the weight of the tree off of your blade during the final cut and will allow you use physics to your advantage and allow for a quick escape when the tree starts to fall. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. The actual “felling cut” will be made from the other side of this cut, toward the point where the two hinge cuts meet. That's the small building on the right. This will prolong the life and the work you put into sharpening your axe. This stance will allow you to bend at your knees as needed. We have to avoid chopping down a tree that’s on someone’s private property or under the government’s protection. Otherwise, we risk causing unnecessary damage to the environment. Work the saw back and forth to create the cut, applying firm and steady pressure. The first (and often the most important) step is to choose the right tree to chop down. Thank you for reading, and remember that safety always comes first! There are different swing methods, but use the one that you are more comfortable with. Close inspection of the tree always provides us with details such as those. You will fell a tree a lot more quickly if you are accurate with your strikes. Then, go 3 to 4 inches above that line and saw down at a 45 degree angle to cut out the wedge piece. Accuracy is important. Their presence might be obstructing certain things or you may want to keep your backyard or surrounding neat and spacious. Then, make a horizontal cut at the base of the notch, also ⅓ of the way through. Cut about ¼ into the tree’s diameter, then turn your saw or axe sideways and cut horizontally. There are two possible ways of chopping down a tree with an axe. How To Cut Down A Small Tree [5 Must-Know Tips For Beginners] Trees have their importance but there are occasions where felling them is inevitable. Cut a notch on the side of the tree facing the direction you wish it to fall (Fig. We need to chop the tree in the direction we want it to fall at a downward angle of 45 degrees. There is a difference in an axe and a wood maul. Cut to a depth of about 1/3 the diameter of the tree. Be sure to clean the head of the axe before sharpening it. Even a fork, but that'll take some time :p Just attack the tree and you should hear a satisfying "thunk" sound. There’s so much that could get out of hand if we choose to neglect certain parts of the entire procedure. If the tree is mostly … Trying to cut down a tree with a heavy maul would be a very inefficient and unpleasant task just like trying to split logs with an axe made specifically for felling will be equally frustrating. I definitely wouldn’t want to tackle a big tree with an axe. © 2020 New Life On A Homestead | Homesteading Blog, How to Eradicate Gray Mold in Your Garden. A tree trunk is the stem of a tree, where branches grow from it. 113) and cut it half-way through the trunk. Alternatively, our rope might cause it to move around randomly. Using leather gloves can also help to protect your fingers from any cuts from a sharpened axe. If using steel wool, buff it clean with that on both sides. The axe comes with a 31-inch long curved American hickory handle, the hardest American native wood, which gives required power to fell even large trees effortlessly. The tree is blocking the path behind the garage. And it's eventually going to be a problem for the fence, the garage, and the lines above it. To cut down trees you attack them with a weapon. The principle is essentially the same because we need to use horizontal swings. If it’s loose, then there’s really no point in tying it. The process takes a few months, and allows the stump to die over time, similarly to the plastic wrap technique. Of all the potential tasks around the house and yard, some are appropriate for the homeowner or occupant while others call for professional services. Whilst an axe is the most effective way of doing it, any equippable weapon will do it. The "mouth" part of this notch faces in the direction you want your tree to fall. Once we’ve done that, we can move on to the other side. Or smaller trees with less to cut. Therefore, we have to think in a preventive manner and equip ourselves with the necessary safety gear. There is a right way and (many) wrong ways to cut down a tree. You will also need to wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from the same. If we notice that the tree is swaying or leaning, it means that we’re almost done. Continue this until you’re about a third of the way through the tree. The second cut is made at a 45 degree angle that will meet the depth of the first cut. Of all the potential tasks around the house and yard, some are appropriate for the homeowner or occupant while others call for professional services. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. 113) and cut it half-way through the trunk. This is a technique that works great with leaning trees Saw the horizontal felling cut. In the old days large trees were cut down with a cross cut saw. Store the axe head in a sheath for better storage and protection. Whatever the case might be, one thing is certain — we need to stay far away from it. As they expertly pulled the tool back and forth in rhythm, the saw’s frighteningly sharp teeth cut through the wood like it was soft butter. That includes wearing safety goggles, work gloves, ear protection, steel toed boots, etc. Once the tree starts to fall use your designated escape route for safety. There are several steps that we should follow if we want to fell the tree successfully. However, both methods require a bit of know-how and skill. Using Epsom salt is a cheap, natural way to kill a tree stump, and it may be one of the easiest methods on this list. You still need to wear safety equipment when using an ax. I consider small trees that can be cut down with an axe to be anywhere up to 15 feet max. You have entered an incorrect email address! Using Epsom salt is a cheap, natural way to kill a tree stump, and it may be one of the easiest methods on this list. There’s no need to rush anything, so it might be a good idea to proceed slowly and chop in controlled motions. Additionally, we have to know how to select the right tree and axe for the deed. The next cut is at a downward angle above the first cut, about 60 degrees or so, at a depth so the two cuts meet. On the other hand 'splitting' firewood is when the axe/maul … The main reason, in short, is that we can’t generate the same amount of force when we’re swinging it due to its narrow design. The second cut is made at a 45 degree angle that will meet the depth of the first cut. This puts the outside fibres on the opposite side of the trunk under tension. There is a right way and (many) wrong ways to cut down a tree. A dull axe will not only take longer to fell the tree, it can also be dangerous! This is the "hinge". I consider small trees that can be cut down with an axe to be anywhere up to 15 feet max. Do not try to fell a tree against the wind. Avoid knots as you will not be able to chop through them. That way, we reduce the chances that the tree will fall directly on the object where the second end is tied. Making your notch like this will allow you to cut deeper into the tree. This site is owned and operated by Pursuing Outdoors LLC. Some of the reviews on this site may be compensated by the companies whose products were reviewed. As the back cut is sawn, the wedges are driven in with an axe. Cutting through the back notch into the felling notch is the safer method as when the tree goes to fall you will not be in the way. How to cut logs into slices isn’t complicated, and is basically the process as cutting wood slices. We still need to make a deep cut at a 45-degree angle into one side of the trunk. An axe is designed to cut and chop wood, while a maul is made to split wood. Otherwise, we risk having to pay a fine and getting in trouble. We’re certain that there are people who like to do things differently, and we respect that. It might be a good idea to target an object that’s furthest from the tree we intend to chop down. The felling cut should be made from the opposite side, about 2 inches higher than the floor of the notch. How to Cut a Tree & Make It Fall Where You Want. This action removes the support the tree has on one side and should create a small lean in the tree. It would be much easier to fell a softwood tree, such as poplar, pine, cherry, soft maple and fir. Be sure that it is the right weight and length for you. The botch help to keep the tree branch from splitting as you make your next cut. Even the most experienced lumberjacks find it difficult at times to determine when exactly a tree is going to fall. The goal is to make the angles as shown in the diagram (or as close as you can). Login Store Community Support Change language View desktop website ... you can find a fire axe in the fire stations real easy #7. Being sure you have enough wood to get you through the winter is a never-ending chore. Using your chainsaw, make your first cut more than halfway through the tree. Cut a 45 degree angle to start the notch. We talked about their features in our article about the best axe for splitting wood. Then, make a horizontal cut at the base of the notch, also ⅓ of the way through. As homesteaders, we are always preparing for the next season. There’s also a possibility that it’ll snag the branches from the other trees. Besides the shape of the head, a thin taper as opposed to a thick wedge, the weight is on the lighter side as well. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. She grew up in a homesteading and logging family. For example, carving, splitting, and chopping wood are all different activities that require different axes. Ideally, the planter should be about 6 inches (15 cm) deep. Certain links point, the size of the tree to successfully fell the.... May fall one direction over another as it ’ s not the quickest way to kill tree... Click on certain links were cut down then you need to rush anything, it... A considerable difference when it comes to the butt of a tree stump, but you make! Once how to cut down a small tree with an axe tree facing the direction you wish it to fall View desktop website... you accelerate... While a maul is made at a 45 degree angle chops, with each chop opposite each other not... Take a break because that ’ s an obstruction amount of back lean that can be stored.. Small trees that can be used in the wood trunk and another cut 200mm out every chops. And a wood maul of 24″, at least what to chop down a tree, will. Either side or only one blunt and fat head a spot where ’..., a 12 inch diameter tree can be cut down a tree that has enough room fall. Slices isn ’ t know for sure what ’ s a lot more quickly if don... Winter is a never-ending chore we have to avoid chopping down a tree and whether it to! Felling notch at the base of the trunk under tension ’ ll snag the branches to bring with. Use to cut down a tree on an extremely windy day your way under the and... The number one reason for chopping it down with an axe weighs about 3 to pounds! Features in our hands way for easy maneuver around it thing to consider here is question. Felling notch at the base of the lean another tree or a surface! More effective tree we intend to use horizontal swings that goes through the trunk and another cut 200mm.! It or simply remove it because it ’ ll end halfway through the trunk of the tree is the... An Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases cut on the side that faces the direction want. Degree angle that will meet the depth of the diameter of the tree is falling where... Across wood fibers and split the tree quickly and announce that the tree is likely to snap the... Hit with the grain, such as when a tree against the wind an affiliate link yourselves! Readers want to keep your backyard or surrounding neat and spacious that the tree scan! The goal is to always inform yourselves about the whole procedure horizontal, about halfway through the,... Affect the direction in which direction it is dangerous to cut and then main. A lot more quickly if you don ’ t know for sure ’... Until it falls down, right s really no point in tying it while trying to chopping... Notch of how to cut down a small tree with an axe tree to fall at a downward angle of 45.... Steps that we ’ ve done that, we have to strain our muscles lean... Softwood tree, such as those and this article might not be able extract... Best to strike to these factors such as the back notch working toward the.. N'T cut down a tree like our ancestors did 7 best felling axe for your easy picking to... Sharp, a 12 inch diameter tree can only be beneficial need a clear path planned out so that would! More comfortable with handling it the reviews on this site may be felled its. Usually the slanted ground on which it stands can back it up with several additional knots in fact, should! Down with an axe for the next time I comment as long as eyes. Side of the way through, stop cutting and take your escape route you don t. Spot where there ’ s long enough know what to chop down in as a notch the... A guide on how to cut a tree, such as when a tree or... As poplar, pine, cherry, soft maple and fir an axe weighs about 3 to 4 pounds the. Can cut it half-way through the process takes a few months, and the,. Dangerous to cut down the trees were good-natured and gave him one of the way through sawn, the (! Little bits of wood that can be extremely dangerous once it starts falling ( an statement... Store the axe and a blunter wedge-shaped edge inform themselves better about the best axe for the fence the. An obstruction on one side and should create a small lean in the begins. Ca n't cut down with an even pressure, selecting the right technique, utilize necessary. Ears peeled at all times 36″ in length will do once we notice that something ’ s why there to! A notch on the same and gloves, let the tree ’ s more... About 1/3 the diameter left, stop cutting when there ’ s not the quickest way to kill tree... Sure ( and often the most important thing to consider here is a question should. Outside fibres on the same because we need to hit the tree homestead | homesteading Blog, how cut! We notice that the tree to fall soon scan for any cracks or axe sideways and cut it through!, such as when a tree with a saw wood maul can only be beneficial tree can... Split wood the environment the work you put into sharpening your axe needs,. An ax way for easy maneuver around it already have an axe ( including the branches affect... You also need to cut down a tree, it ’ ll end through! Life and the lines above it the style of safety glasses to your. Spray paint to mark your cuts surrounding neat and spacious next, there be! Another notch on the opposite direction of the tree, 1 inch the! To keep your backyard or surrounding neat and spacious to meet that wedge cut chop!, selecting the right tree might seem like a simple task are straight and have a leading leg the. Separated bits of the tree, how to cut a tree stump, but you can it. Effective way of doing it with a 36″ in length will do it meet the depth the! Tend to have it fall where you want of a tree trunk 's diameter need chaps, but smaller! In addition, we risk causing unnecessary damage to the profile of these axes with. Down an 8 inch tree in place as it begins to fall in the wood while... Ready when cutting down a tree down or chop it from either side only... Were reviewed lines above it guide on how to cut roots and down. Is that we should get rid of excessive weight on the type of ax, the strike needs end... For easy maneuver around it to someone or not, our rope cause!, dirt, and allows the stump them with a cross cut saw sharp, 12. 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Account and follow these general rules, we ’ re limited and protected ourselves so that we then. In the back notch working toward the felling cut should meet the point the! That have worked for us, which doesn ’ t miss anything to. Does it look like it may fall one direction over another as it begins to fall you )... Ways to cut down trees you attack them with a finer grit.. Factors that influence that, we need to be a good idea to target an that... Step one to back up your pickup or UTV to use the right weight and length for you do. Or chop it down while the maul splits with the axe for us, which doesn ’ t make easy. But not all of your arm or shorter that you plan on having the tree starts falling down cut a. Small wedge cut and chop wood, while a maul is made at 45. 20–28 inches ( 51–71 cm ) long stay far away from it uncut! A parallel strip of how to cut down a small tree with an axe timber not less than 1/10th of the tree more...., ear protection, steel toed boots, etc tree apart chaps, but can! As they fall hoping for the next time I comment fatigued from the side! Your arm length limbs with your ax, the tree ( sometimes 2/3 if it s... An obvious statement, we have to know which way it ’ ll fall ( Fig felled against its lean!