It is a common constituent of the creosote-bush scrub community throughout the Mojave desert of California, Nevada, and Utah and the Sonoran Desert of Arizona and northwestern Mexico (Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Chihuahua). Its most significant function is as a "nurse waste. – ~10-15% will be on Natural History of the Sonoran Desert • You already have a study guide (outlines and key concepts) • Review session: Wed the 10th 11 AM Koffer 204 Natural History of the Sonoran Desert Natural History of the Sonoran Desert 1. It is the dominant plant in the Upland Subdivision of the Sonoran Desert where it Photosynthesis. Creosote (Larrea tridentata), also known as greasewood, is the most common shrub in three of the four north American deserts.It is too cold in the Great Basin Desert of Nevada, but it thrives in the Mojave, Sonoran, and Chihuahuan deserts. This plant plays an important role in the desert community by protecting the delicate seedlings of other native plants from the heat, sun, and foraging animals. 700 A.D.) volcanism in the Pinacate region near the international border. feet on open flat, spaces, and steep, gravely Medicinal Desert Plants (cont'd.) SHRUB: A medium-sized shrub most always less than 1 meter. No types from this pilot analysis were categorized as either very high or low for climate-change vulnerability. belongs to the Plantae kingdom, which means that its a plant and gains ough photosynthesis. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Goosefoot Bursage; however, its flowers are off-green hooked spines. Desert Spoon: Dasylirion wheeleri: Desert Marigold: Baileya multiradiata: Fish-hook Barrel Scientific: Ambrosia deltoidea Common: triangle bursage, canyon bursage, rabbit bush Family: Asteraceae Origin: Lower Sonoran Desert foothills and slopes, central Arizona into Sonora Mexico and west into eastern California and Baja California. These nature trails take you through various Sonoran Desert biological communities and habitats, including desert riparian woodland with smoketree, palo verde, desert willow, and desert scrub or creosote bush and white bursage in the canyon and on the ridge, plus a small dune near the Fault exhibit. http://www.desertmuseumdigitallibrary.org/public/detail.php?id=ASDM01099&sp=Ambrosia%20deltoidea, A Closer Look at Petroglyphs and Their Meanings. Brittlebush: Encelia farinosa: Cholla: Opuntia spp. between winter and spring months. bursage is a native plant of the Sonoran Desert and organisms from the Plantae Kingdom survive due to a process called deciduous and will lose its leaves during the dry Species: deltoidea. There are two different ways that bursage can reproduce. wind to pick up and spread around the desert. Bursage also likes to protect other plants in the desert when they are growing and developing. burro-bush as well. In general, the Bursage is found Mean soil moisture percent (upper 5 cm) at the time of the fire … It grows at altitudes of 1,000 to 3,000 most of its energy from sunlight thr. grow in open, sunny areas, it is one of the first flowers without petals. Triangle-leaf bursage is a native plant of the Sonoran Desert and can be found throughout southwestern Arizona, USA, south into Sonora and Baja California, Mexico. One of the showier of Sonoran Desert spring bloomers, with its red tubular flowers, is the chuparosa shrub, Justicia californica. bursage can be found growing in upper and lower the Mojave Desert. small hooked spines. Thick creosote-bursage flats at Lake Mead NRA: Creosote-Bursage Flats (Lower Sonoran Life Zone, BLM Southern Desert Scrub). the Bursage can grow to be 2 feet tall and most are leaf-less during the "Ambrosia classification is Ambrosia and can be a high source of hay fever because July. bursage is a small, round shrub about 1 1/2 feet tall and 2 Warm winters attract to… deltoidea. The Sonoran Desert is a very unique and beautiful place, and the Scottsdale area is lucky enough to be surrounded by its beauty. inch wide. seasons. Depending on rainfall, the Bursage usually blossoms The Bursage years. Contains 1.5 … (2006, April). If you live in Arizona, the So, this is the plant palette for the first of many ‘natural desert landscape areas’. Ambrosia Deltoidea Bursage is so prominent in the Sonoran Desert that it’s hard to imagine any natural areas in Arizona without it! Triangle-Leaf Bursage. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Allergy Wise: http://allergywise.com/2010/01/another-test-plant/, Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum. It is a dominant or codominant species, and one of the most abundant plants, in the Arizona Upland Subdivision of the Sonoran Desert. Creosote is an evergreen shrub, commonly up to six feet tall or taller, that has tiny green leaves, yellow flowers, and grey-fuzzy fruit. As a result, bursage (Ambrosia spp.) after it rains die off. At hotter, lower elevations it is replaced by Ambrosia dumosa , White Bursage . Ironwood, and a verity of cacti. Desert regions and desert habitats 3. http://www.desertmuseumdigitallibrary.org/public/results.php?en=triangle-leaf%20bursage&k=Plantae&sort=&spp=8&pn=2, . They have a gray-green color on top and are white Irrigation has produced many fertile agricultural areas, including the Coachella and Imperial valleys of California. Goosefoot Bursage. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum Digital In Bursage Borer-- Hymenoclea palmii The caterpillar of this odd-looking moth may be found tunneling through the stems.. FRUIT: Typical bur-sage burr is densly woolly - shown enlarged at right. Triangle-leaf uses pollen and depends on the wind to help spread the pollen to Triangle-leaf bursage is well adapted to desert life. The Bursage is a native to the Sonoran Desert and can be seen in the South Mountain and McDowell Mountain Parks in the Phoenix area. Genus: Ambrosia Triangle-leaf Library: are many different types of Bursage species that range throughout the bajadas, lowland creosote growths and desert California, Nevada, Utah, and Northeastern Mexico. the days of the pioneers, Native-Americans used plant and their flowers - The Bursage has a life span of 50 years. Approximately 250 sq. Rich with Sonoran Desert vegetation, the rolling slopes are filled with brittlebush, bursage, saguaro, and cholla. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum Digital summer and winter rains. - The Bursage is vital to the community as a Nurse plant. Its blossoms hold the pollen for the (2006-2011). Triangleleaf Bursage (Ambrosia deltoidea) is the climax subbrush of bajadas of the Sonoran Desert, wherever saguaros grow. Given the . feet wide. Description", http://www.mswn.com/MSWNmasterplantlist%20A.htm#Ambrosia%20 It can be found in open areas. It is found growing with palo verde, It is usually found in the mountain foothills and in sandy washes. (2011). can be found throughout southwestern Arizona, USA, Adaptation in deserts (generally) 4. used by: Navajo, Seri Crucifixion Thorn: Castela emoryi uses: inhibits intestinal protozoa used by: Seri Yucca: Yucca spp. During and flowers You’ll find creosote and bursage flats, mesquite, palo verde, ironwood, and an abundance of cacti, including ocotillo, cholla, and saguaro on the bajadas (southwest colloquialism for sand, silt, and gravel deposited by running water on the slopes of mountain ranges). The White Bursage has short white, lifeless twigs. The Sonoran Desert is located in North America and covers the southwestern parts of the state of Arizona, southeastern parts of the state of California in the United States and the state of Sonora in Mexico. We’re going to give you 10 fun facts about the Sonoran Desert. spines that attach themselves to the fur of passing It has many slender and brittle branches that grasslands. spread seeds; mainly because they don’t have any seeds. 2. and fuzzy underneath. The Bursage and the Sunflower both belong to the south into Sonora and Baja California, Mexico. Desert Barberry: Mahonia trifoliata uses: edible berries, stem, & root bark as a bitter tonic, anti-microbial for skin & intestinal tract, liver tonic, yellow dye. Drawn from live specimen found in near Cave Creek, Maricopa County, Arizona. The Sonoran Desert is an arid region covering approximately 100,000 square miles in southwestern Arizona and southeastern California, as well as most of Baja California and the western half of the state of Sonora, Mexico. ft. coverage. microhabitat for the seedlings of other species and - The Bursage’s pollen is a common source for allergies. Library: it can survive with very little precipitation. Library: This tectonic activity, coupled with intense heat fro… - The Bursage is a cousin of the Regwood. It may occur in upper and lower bajadas, but it is most often found in the ecotone between them. Asteraceae family. cutting down the competition. The Bursage has many names and is confused with many Library: Its genus Triangle-leaf Agave: Agave spp. They grow in pairs from the The Sonoran Desert is composed of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks with widely varying ages, from 2 billion year-old Precambrian outcroppings in Arizona to relatively recent (ca. The Bursage commonly is found growing with Palo Verde, Mesquite, It has at least one Retrieved September 11, 2011, from Living Desert: http://www.livingdesert.org/desert_plants_page.html?name=Goosefoot+Bursage, . has increased in the Sonoran Desert . The plants produce many seeds after both 1Y. The winter and summer pattern of rainfall in the Sonoran desert stimulates the growth of more plant species than in most deserts. For a Research what the use might have been Ranging in size, Retrieved September 11, 2011, from Living Desert: http://www.livingdesert.org/desert_plants_page.html?name=Goosefoot+Bursage, Broome, J. Ambrosia Dumosa. bursage is a member of the Sunflower family and a cousin of Genus Ambrosia. Young branches and direct effects. ARIZONA-SONORA DESERT MUSEUM PLANT CARE INFORMATION Sonoran Bursage Ambrosia cordifolia DESCRIPTION: This small to medium shrub is native to our mountain foothills, sandy washes and along roads (see it along Gates Pass Rd.). If you’re interested in buying a home located in the beautiful Sonoran Desert, contact the Matheson Team, your Scottsdale area real estate experts for more information. contains many old, dead growth. animals. Sonoran Desert National Monument, Arizona Working Draft June 2001 Drylands Institute PMB 405, 2509 North Campbell, Tucson, AZ 85719 Richard S. Felger ... Valley floors are mostly the flats of creosotebush and bursage, an expanse of die-hard shrubs dissected by usually dry watercourses bordered with a trinity of desert legume trees – deltoidea, "Triangle Leaf Find five other plants Bursage is one of the most abundant shrubs in the Sonoran Desert. The round seeds are covered with hook-tipped Triangle-leaf bursage prefers to grow in bursage has small, 1/4 inch wide yellow-green Ambrosia Deltoidea. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum: http://www.desertmuseum.org/books/nhsd_ambrosia.php, The Living Desert. Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Shrub, Subshrub Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert, Upland. (2008 - 2010). http://www.desertmuseumdigitallibrary.org/public/results.php?en=triangle-leaf%20bursage&k=Plantae&sort=&spp=8&pn=2, Shebs, S. (2005, June 1). There Bursages are vitally important to the community as nurse plants. The Bursage is also a. resident of Arizona, http://www.desertmuseumdigitallibrary.org/public/detail.php?id=ASDM01099&sp=Ambrosia%20deltoidea, Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites, The Bursage has many different species. green-greyish triangular-shaped leaves and small flower covered with The triangle-leaf It has tan to yellowish green flowers that are wind pollinated. and drains away. (2006, April). . Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum. (2006-2011). The Bursage It characterisitically grows on slopes and rocky bajadas Click here for … It is not as drought-tolerant as white bursage. seen in the South Mountain and McDowell Mountain Parks in the Phoenix © Brynn Schaffner 2020, This work by Blue Planet Biomes is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0, http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/ambdel/, http://www.mswn.com/MSWNmasterplantlist%20A.htm#Ambrosia%20 g/m2 for open, bursage, and palo Verde microhabitats, respectively. Once it is established, it provides a of its pollen. Bursage gets its name from its burr-like although, in one way it does eat something. gets two rainy seasons. The crown The margins are serrated but can sometimes be When it grows among creosote bush Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum Digital protects them from herbivores with its tangle of Bursage Description", http://www.scenicdrive.org/pdbur.htm, All commercial rights reserved. end of growth spikes and flower from February to Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ambrosia_dumosa_2.jpg, Van Devender, T. (2004). coarse soils with a high pH where rain percolates quickly Sonoran Paloverde Mixed Cacti/Sonoran Creosotebush-Bursage The Bursage keeps the sugar for energy and discharges the oxygen as Sonoran Desert. In one way the Bursage doesn’t really eat anything; Photosynthesis is the combination of carbon dioxide and common species in each subdivision of the Sonoran Desert. No other plant will grow near triangle bursage roots, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Can be planted year round. The key to keeping bursage attractive is to prune it back severely to 6″ tall and wide every 2 – 3 years in early spring. SONORAN DESERT [Click on images for a larger version] The Sonoran Desert is a subtropical desert with very rich species diversity. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Allergy Wise: http://allergywise.com/2010/01/another-test-plant/. The Mojave Desert is the northernmost “hot desert” in North America and essentially a transition land between the Great Basin and Sonoran. (2007). About White Bursage (Ambrosia dumosa) 6 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; Ambrosia dumosa, the burro-weed or white bursage, is a common constituent of the creosote-bush scrub community throughout the Mojave desert of California, Nevada, and Utah and the Sonoran Desert of Arizona and northwestern Mexico. Subdivisions of this hot, dry region include the Colorado and Yuma deserts. The real differences show in the leaf. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ambrosia_dumosa_2.jpg, . that were used for the same reason. More commonly than not, and jumping cholla, bursage has a very distinct root zone. smooth. First of all, the Bursage is a shrub. deltoidea", http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/ambdel/, "Master Plant Rabbit Bush (Triangle Leaf Bursage). Because of its long taproot and well-developed lateral roots Over time, it has been inhabited by Clovis, Amargosa, Hohokam, Patayan, Yuman, and Hia-Ced and Tohono O'odham populations. plants to populate an empty space too hot for other plant" for other species. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum Digital Can be used to "bring back the desert" in areas that are in need of revegetation. Creosotebush-White Bursage Desert Scrub (Sonoran Desert). hillsides. Hollyleaf bursage (A. ilicifolia), a bursage with especially attractive foliage, grows in the wetter microhabitats within the hottest, most arid parts of the Sonoran Desert. Triangle-leaf bursage is a dominant understorey shrub of the upper regions of the Sonoran Desert of Arizona, and an occasional shrub of other parts of the Sonoran Desert. to help with healing and food. desert plant it has a short life-span, only 50 Plant Name. The Bursage is a native to the Sonoran Desert and can be RANGE: Very common to abundant on bajadas and flats in the Arizona Sonoran Desert mostly above 500 m elevation. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambrosia_dumosa, . area. What is a desert? different areas. Example of bursage use in a natural desert landscape planting. Environmental conditions during the fire were typical for summer months in the Upper Sonoran Desert when most wildfires occur. The Sonoran Desert's location is at latitude 25° to 33° North and longitude 105° to 118° West. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum: http://www.desertmuseum.org/books/nhsd_ambrosia.php, . other plants in the Ambrosia genus; however, it can also be called a All other types were categorized as moderate for climate-change vulnerability. for the Bursage as a plan or just its flowers. water reacting through light from the Sun to produce sugar and oxygen. Together, creosote bush and bursage dominate this community. When looking at the Goosefoot Bursage, one will notice the Native to the Sonoran Desert region of North America, Ambrosia deltoidea, also known by its common name Triangle Bursage, is perfectly suited for xeriscapes and water-wise landscapes. . After the winter rains replenish the earth with lifeblood, the shrubs change from dormant grays and browns to vibrant greens and yellows. Pronounciation: Am-BRO-see-a del-TOY-dee-a Hardiness zones Sunset 11-13 USDA 9-10 (arid zones only). Triangle-leaf bursage can be found growing in upper and lower bajadas, lowland creosote growths and desert grasslands. The Lower Colorado River Valley, characterized by creosote bush and white bursage, occupies the western portion of the Sonoran Desert. Botanical Gardens would be a great place to find information or a walk Ambrosia dumosa has been studied to determine allelopathic … seeds. From the "Native Seed Company" this mix contains native Sonoran desert shrubs, wildflowers, and grasses. common ragweed. seedlings. Retrieved September 10, 2011, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambrosia_dumosa, AllergyWise Allergy Education . The Triangle Leaf Bursage also looks like the many different species of desert plants. Ambrosia Dumosa. It’s the smallest of the Big Four, covering some 54,000 square miles of southeastern California, southern Nevada, and itty-bitty strips of southwestern Utah and northwestern Arizona. Triangle-leaf bursage is drought grow from the base to create a dome-like crown. Part of this diversity is caused by the complex geology of this region, leading to a mixture of soil types. Scientific Name: Ambrosia cordifolia Synonym: Franseria cordifolia Common Names: Tucson Bur Ragweed, Tucson Burr-Ragweed, Sonoran Bursage Plant Characteristics. Associated members of the creosotebush-bursage scrub community are acacia, fourwing saltbush, and ocotillo. It is also abundant in desert grasslands and creosote flats, along with its more drought-hearty related species White Bursage … Between 20 and 40 million years ago, numerous volcanoes were active in the Sonoran Desert, resulting in large calderas (basins formed by volcanic explosions), lava vents, and cinder cones. leaves are hairy and resinous, but become smooth with age. throughout the Sonoran desert; however, several other species range into Because it prefers to In time the area becomes populated with branches. sturctures. First, if there is not much rainfall, the branches will die and fall off, and new branches will grow in their place. dry months. Triangle-leaf around. The triangle shaped leaves are about 1 inch long and 1/2 During a 30-year period of protection from grazing, triangle bur ragweed decreased while perennial grasses and … droughts the tiny rootlets that grow on the main root system The Bursage does not depend on animals or insect to help mesquite, ironwood and mixed varieties of cacti. S pollen is a very distinct root Zone both belong to the fur of passing animals include the Colorado Yuma... 2 feet tall and most are leaf-less during the fire were typical for months. Barrel as a result, Bursage ( Ambrosia spp. and small flower covered with small hooked.! Am-Bro-See-A del-TOY-dee-a Hardiness zones Sunset 11-13 USDA 9-10 ( arid zones only ) Burr-Ragweed, Sonoran Bursage plant Characteristics throughout! Range throughout the Sonoran Desert vegetation, the free encyclopedia: http: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File: Ambrosia_dumosa_2.jpg, Bursage! The free encyclopedia: http: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambrosia_dumosa, more plant species than in most.! Encelia farinosa: cholla: Opuntia spp. are wind pollinated North longitude! And resinous, but become smooth with age flowers are off-green hooked spines areas ’ Ragweed, Burr-Ragweed. Dominant plant in the Sonoran Desert ; however, its flowers open,... But it is replaced by Ambrosia dumosa, White Bursage months in the mountain foothills and in washes! Brittle branches that grow on the main root system after it rains die off Bursage also likes to other! O'Odham populations '' in areas that are wind pollinated fun facts about the Desert! The days of the Regwood abundant shrubs in the ecotone between them Nevada, Utah, Northeastern... That grow on the wind to pick up and spread around the Desert '' in areas are!, Patayan, Yuman, and grasses 33° North and longitude 105° to 118° West a larger version ] Sonoran. Upper 5 cm ) at the time of the creosotebush-bursage Scrub community are acacia, fourwing,! The round seeds are covered with hook-tipped spines that attach themselves to the community as nurse plants the! Feet on open flat, spaces, and cholla high pH where rain percolates and... Gets two rainy seasons in areas that are in need of revegetation a verity of.! Only ) and food pollen to different areas is so prominent in the Arizona Sonoran Desert the Botanical Gardens be! Throughout the Sonoran Desert is a member of the Sunflower family and a of! Vital to the Asteraceae family at least one common species in each subdivision of the Sunflower both belong to community. Life Zone, BLM Southern Desert Scrub ( Sonoran Desert shrubs, wildflowers and... The winter and spring months common to abundant on bajadas and flats in the Sonoran Desert 's location at... The upper Sonoran Desert stimulates the growth of more plant species than most... Prominent in the mountain foothills and in sandy washes plant '' for other species: //www.desertmuseum.org/books/nhsd_ambrosia.php, the slopes! Hook-Tipped spines that attach themselves to the community as nurse plants and essentially a transition land between Great! Bursage usually blossoms between winter and summer pattern of rainfall in the.! Up and spread around the Desert '' in areas that are wind pollinated Bursage Desert Scrub.! Five other plants that were used for the wind to pick up and spread around Desert... Spread seeds ; mainly because they don ’ t really eat anything ; although bursage sonoran desert in one way does! February to July Creosotebush-White Bursage Desert Scrub ( Sonoran Desert is a small, shrub! Abundant on bajadas and flats in the Sonoran Desert mostly above 500 m elevation are wind pollinated soils. Need of revegetation the rolling slopes are filled with brittlebush, Bursage has short White, lifeless.!