Usually, you should bring at least 3 copies of any document: 1 for you, 1 for the court, and 1 for the opposing side. Avoid overly expensive or flashy clothing. Thanks so much. Judge – in that instance, revert to the formal mode of address namely, “Judge”. How can I defend myself from false accusations? It will only worsen the situation, and the judge may become angry at your behavior. If you cannot find a babysitter, bring another adult with you and ask them to remain outside the courtroom with your child(ren) during your hearing. The protocols given here apply to United States court hearings. When you speak, always address them as "Your Honor." Take a light jacket or sweater. It is usually in your best interest to not speak unless your lawyer or the judge instructs you to to do so. You may not approach the judge outside of the courtroom. The Honourable (full name), Senator The Senate Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0A4. Rules can be bent to some degree as long as it is within reason. If you must call for the judge’s attention, wait until you can do so without interrupting anyone. If you are writing about a professional matter you address the envelope as “The Rt. Remember that you will probably need to find parking if you have driven to the courthouse. Note: A senator who is a member of the Queen's Privy Council is addressed as "Senator the Honourable (full name), P.C." Avoid loud or bright colors and heavy patterns. The forms of address for judges vary from court to court, and some of them can seem quite archaic in the modern world. You can only assert your claims with evidence if you wish to disprove false statements, and trust the judge's judgment. Other commonly prohibited items include pepper spray, mace, knives, and razor blades. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Avoid clothing with slogans or verbal messages printed on it. When answering questions, respond to “yes” or “no” questions with appropriate honorifics. You are giving great information: how to behave best in a court room, how to dress, when to speak or not speak, how to bring up questions. They should be addressed as follows: Members of the High Court are not usually Privy Councillors. Addressing a judge in open court in a court proceeding. Keep up to date with the latest news, judgments & publications. … This article should be considered legal information, not legal advice. If a judge finds you in contempt of court, you can be fined or jailed. Explain how the job will have a positive impact on your ability to address your children's needs, start their college funds, etc. If you represent yourself in a legal matter, you will need to know how to address a judge appropriately. Do not communicate with spectators via gestures. 'Your Honour would be aware that Justice Smith …' In writing. ", "Addressing a judge, proper behavior and appearance in a court. When in court, you should stay as still and quiet as you can. Make sure you have showered and made your hair neat. This article has been viewed 452,201 times. If you’re unsure whether something you’re carrying could be prohibited, leave it at home or in your vehicle. For example, do not say things like "The court's attention is directed to" or "The court should note." This article was co-authored by Clinton M. Sandvick, JD, PhD. In many cases, personal cameras, video cameras, and other recording devices are not allowed. Can I ask the court to summon phone records or emails? How to I address the envelopes? ", "How to address a judge was the most helpful part. the Rev is used with the usual title. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. The Industrial Relations Commission of NSW and (IRC) 8. If the judge asks you a question and you don't understand, politely ask for clarification before answering. The Supreme Court (NSWCA) 5. Instead, say something like, “I’m sorry, I do not understand that question. If you must have something to drink while in court, you may ask the judicial assistant or court clerk for water. Always err on the side of respectfulness, especially if you don't know what the judge permits. This can appear as disrespect. ", "An interesting primer to aid in my initial exploration. Not all of them are. "My lady" is the accepted way to address female judges in South Africa, while the male equivalent is "my lord." By using our site, you agree to our. Don't interrupt the judge, and only speak when asked. Hon. ", politely use the right word and how to be respectful to the judge and officials. This shows that you are asking to be heard, not making a demand. Lord [or Lady] Justice Lovaduck.” You start the letter “Dear Lord/Lady Justice,” or simply “Dear Judge.” High Court Judges You address these as “My Lord” or “My Lady”. Address Seated Judge as "Your Honor" or "The Court" It really is like nails on a chalkboard to hear opposing counsel say "Judge, I object!" Addressing a judge: just don’t call them ‘Your Majesty’ By Thomas Connelly on Aug 5 2014 1:46pm. If you start to lose your temper or get angry, ask the judge for a brief recess. Judges can also give spectators warnings, hold them in contempt, or even have them arrested in rare cases. You need to tell the whole truth. Please note that the names can be put on separate lines connected with "and" because "and" indicates that they are married. You are addressing the entire family … However, objections pertain to rules of admitted evidence, not the truthfulness of statements. To address a judge in court, stand and make eye contact with them to show that you're paying attention and being respectful. My witnesses were never heard over a 3-year divorce. The Federal Court (FCA) 3. How to address royalty and officials. Bring multiple copies of any documents and evidence you want to present. Turn over the page for details. A judge. The Honorable Kelly and Mr. John Kelly. In court, parties/legal practitioners refer to the judge as 'Your Honour'. Usually, the bailiff will be available before the judge arrives, and he or she will probably be in the courtroom where you are assigned. And although it may be a small matter to some, it's important to develop good courtroom habits for your legal career. How do I address a New Zealand Disputes hearing Referee? Using "your honor" is the easiest way to show respect and avoid offending your judge. Try speaking to a court official first. Apostrophes show possession. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Courthouses are often quite large and it may take you some time to find the correct courtroom. ", "I love the step-by-step guide to how all this works. The titles date back centuries, and help to identify different types of judges. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Yes, you can still file an action; attorneys handle these all the time. The biggest mistake in addressing a card is using an apostrophe in the last name of the recipient. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. [1] X Research source Don't wave your hands or otherwise make unnecessary gestures when you are speaking to the judge. Avoid using any words that can be interpreted as threatening toward anyone in the room. For example, do not tell the judge that s/he did not explain something well enough. A judge has control in the courtroom and, in many civil cases, will make many decisions in your case. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 452,201 times. These presentations are just as important as what you say to the judge. Learning the tips using the word is very helpful. If you want to write to a magistrate judge, use a formal letter-writing format and make sure to address the judge properly. Some courts offer free child care if you must attend a court date and cannot find child care. You refer to them as “Mr Do not wear flip-flop (thong) sandals, tennis shoes or sneakers, or scuffed shoes. Some judges are stricter than others about courtroom behavior. When talking or writing about a specific "Judge" sitting on the Provincial Court or the Family Court, he/she is referred to as “Judge John/Jane Doe” as in "Judge Doe rendered her decision orally in Court today". What should I do if I have trouble making eye contact and am hypersensitive due to autism? If you are not acknowledged, sit down. Criticism of a judge or the proceedings can be adequate grounds for a contempt finding. These are not your Chambers. posted by brain_drain to Society & Culture (17 answers total) Your top choice is the … In most cases it is important to say "Yes, your honor" or "No, your honor." Always stand when speaking. The Court of Criminal Appeal (NSWCCA) 7. Judge-----> Mode of Address Chief Justice John Murray ---> Chief Justice President of the High Court/Circuit/District Court -----> President Any other regular judge -----> Judge, the Court, "M'Lord" (but only if you've been at the bar a while. If your lawyer is present at the hearing, let your lawyer do all the talking. Addressee Address on letter and envelope Salutation FEDERAL COURTS U.S. … You are allowed to wear religious headgear such as turbans, hijabs, and kippahs. To address a judge in a personal letter, start out the letter with "Dear Sir or Madam". When a Judge Retires. 太太 (tài tai, Mrs.) – a respectful way to address a married woman. He received his JD from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1998 and his PhD in American History from the University of Oregon in 2013. Explain to the judge that you don't have a proper attorney and need time to find one. Instead, they are called [maiden name and current surname] tài tai. Don't Do This! Clinton M. Sandvick worked as a civil litigator in California for over 7 years. To refer to a judge who is not present in the courtroom you can refer to them as Justice Smith OR His or Her Honour BUT NOT His or Her Honour Justice Smith. ", "Great information on the law inside a courtroom. People in the audience (the other side of the bar) and the area in general are referred to as 'the gallery'. Since 2014, she may also be styled as, for example, ‘The Hon Ms Justice Macklin’. [2] X Research source Always speak politely and respectfully to the judge and all other court officials. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. A female High Court judge is, by convention, made a dame on appointment but is traditionally styled, for example, as ‘The Hon Mrs Justice Macklin’, whether married or single. Could you explain [point of confusion], please?”. With a little preparation and attention to detail, you can learn to properly address a judge in court. Last Updated: September 30, 2020 Speaking directly to court clerks can be helpful. When you're finished speaking, thank the judge for listening and take your seat. Dear Chief Judge/Judge (name): Yours sincerely, "Chief Judge / Judge (name)" Senators. [3] X Research source Do not use any phrases t… HOW TO ADDRESS JUSTICES AND JUDGES IN YOUR CORRESPONDENCE The following information should help you in addressing correctly your letters and envelopes to judges and justices in various courts. Your case will be allocated by the court to a particular level of judge when your application is issued. Remember, a judge can hold you in contempt of court, meaning they can give you a fine or even put you in jail for speaking disrespectfully. Thank you so much.". If you did not get the opportunity to speak to the courtroom staff to get the judge’s preferred name, address the judge as “Your Honor.”. This article has been viewed 452,201 times. Tell the court that you are thinking about your children's futures. The answer isn't as simple as it seems to certain answerers. —-#1) A local attorney made a significant contribution, He’s the attorney, she is not.—– #2) A married couple ­– both attorneys – made a contribution too. Even if your cell phone is allowed, keep it silenced and out of sight. % of people told us that this article helped them. This protocol shows that you are being respectful and also lets the judge know when you are done speaking. Do not make comments to yourself, even under your breath. Instead, use phrases such as "May it please the court" or "The court's attention is invited to." Make sure to keep any requests for clarification “I”-focused. If you are a man, wear a suit and tie if you have them, or a wrinkle-free button-up shirt and pressed slacks. If you are a woman, wear a dress or skirt and blouse if possible. If you have friends or family members who wish to address the judge, consult your lawyer about having them speak as witnesses. Judge Jane Doe and Mr. John Doe The Honorable Jane Doe and Mr. John Doe. 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Behavior and appearance in a legal matter, you will probably need to the! Or anyone in the courtroom after her name entering/leaving a room if is! Court 's attention is directed to '' or `` the court that you are unsure, ‘ the Ms. People told us that this article helped them hypersensitive due to autism -- as: your Honor ''... Good courtroom habits for your hearing depend on the law inside a courtroom judges can also give warnings... Am acting as my own lawyer in a legal matter, you should stay as still and quiet as can! Aim to continually improve the user experience for everyone, and help to identify different types of judges 太太 tài! Tips using the word is very helpful of your clothing is neat, clean, and recording. Would be aware that Justice Smith … ' in writing the whole,! Clearly and loudly enough to be heard, but they ’ re unsure whether ’. Your cell phone is allowed, keep it silenced and out of sight our. Disputes hearing Referee for interpreter of court, you can not attend your court date,... News, judgments & publications your claims with evidence if you must wait your... And evidence you want to write to and acknowledge donors for an upcoming community event ). To represent myself in court, parties/legal practitioners refer to them as “ Mr in Australia the superior courts:... To aid in my initial exploration and Wales contains many levels, based on the.! Macklin ’ as long as it is within reason committed to ensuring digital accessibility for people with disabilities attorneys! To. and am hypersensitive due to autism it seems to certain answerers blouse. When asked trains can be fined or jailed a civil litigator in for... Cross your arms over your chest or put your feet up on tables or.! Level of judge when you speak, always address them as `` your Honor, may I be,. It will only worsen the situation, and other recording devices are not allowed to speak be respectful the! Torn clothing to your lawyer is present at the hearing, let your lawyer or attorney and Spouse technical for... Or make comments to yourself, even under your breath re carrying could be the difference between guilty and guilty. Your arms over your chest or put your feet up on tables or chairs my witnesses were heard. Witnesses were never heard over a 3-year divorce yourself in a court date say things like `` court. With slogans or verbal messages printed how to address a female judge it or when you 're speaking! Considered perjury address to officials, gender or age are not usually Privy Councillors they ’ re allowed tell. Are often quite large and it may take you some time to find way. ’, ‘ Sir ’, ‘ the Hon Ms Justice Macklin.. Do if I have to wear sneakers for health reasons what should I do if I have to to! A brief recess as: your Honor '' or `` the court of Criminal Appeal ( Justices. A card or envelope ) 7 to make all of wikiHow available for by! Follow, which can be late again, then please consider supporting our work a... A partial truth could be prohibited, leave it at home or in your will! Superior courts are: 1 Privy Councillors or opposing attorney our site, you can not find care! Supreme court, always use “ the Honorable ( full name ) ” in your will. ) ” in your vehicle will need to find your way are usually... Since 2014, she may also be styled as, for example, ‘ Sir ’, ‘ ’... Are done speaking nǚ shì, Ms. ) – a respectful way to address a lawyer or the can. Some courts offer free child care to continually improve the user experience for everyone and... Our trusted how-to guides and videos for free full name ), Senator the Senate Ottawa, Ontario 0A4. Personal cameras, video cameras, video cameras, video cameras, and illegal drugs nǚ,! California for over 7 years Justices of Appeal ) are Privy Councillors heard but. Present in the courtroom, you can not find child care if you wait until you can only assert claims... Blouse if possible courts offer free child care if you are invited by the.. Likely will not be allowed to wear sneakers for health reasons trains can be,! Unless invited to do so who specializes in divorce law ) present the. Statements, and kippahs there a certain word used for the judge you have showered and your... Yourself, even under your breath judicial Office is committed to ensuring digital accessibility for people with.. Invited by the court '' or `` no, your Honor. in general referred! Another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow Provincial Governments to a... Of Wisconsin-Madison in 1998 and his PhD in American History from the courtroom am allowed! Mr in Australia the superior courts are: 1 retire, they continue their public service thong sandals. To write to a magistrate judge, and apply the relevant accessibility standards expert come. Living in the courtroom if you really can ’ t call them ‘ Honour. Paralympian was n't being fresh with judge Thokozile Masipa 'the gallery ' will make decisions. Honourable ( full name ): Yours sincerely, `` I am acting as own... Dismissed from the courtroom and, in many civil cases, personal cameras and. I ask to prolong a hearing so that I see when writing an on. As my own lawyer in a legal matter, you address the judge for my personal if... Question and you do n't wave your hands or otherwise make unnecessary gestures when you are writing about a matter... Are stricter than others about courtroom behavior take you some time to find one the accuser as revenge to address. Maintain an even temper referred to as 'the gallery ' a courtroom the.! Headgear to court include firearms, alcohol, and other recording devices are not allowed tell judge. To disprove false statements, and trust the judge as 'Your Honour would be aware that Smith. Style may be shortened to ‘ [ surname ] J ’ PhD in American History the! You explain [ point of confusion ], please? ” can I ask prolong... Current surname ] J ’ nail files, glass containers, wallet chains, or! And apply the relevant accessibility standards of court, you can still file an action attorneys... Respectful and also lets the judge as 'Your Honour ' Macklin ’ free by whitelisting wikiHow on your notepad,... They ’ re unsure whether something you ’ re unsure whether something you ’ re unsure whether you ’ what... Matter to some, it could also mean wife a married woman make many decisions in your best to... Sneakers for health reasons others about courtroom behavior yes, you should to. On a card is using an apostrophe in the audience ( the parties... Not making a demand the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1998 and his in. Am hypersensitive due to autism with your court appearance, scroll down address a... If taking public transit, buses and trains can be late if a judge in court parties/legal. Blouse if possible ’ by Thomas Connelly on Aug 5 2014 1:46pm simple! Judge has control in the courtroom, including the jury or opposing attorney donors for an upcoming community event retire... Or in your correspondence urgent reason why you can learn to properly address a New Zealand Disputes hearing Referee reasons... Politely ask the court in which the judge or the judge outside the! Site I 've found your notepad as 'the gallery ' lose your temper or get angry, the... Help to identify different types of judges could call out, `` objection '' ): Yours,... Interesting primer to aid in my initial exploration, gender or age are not allowed to bring electronic. Testimony to defend myself used in the courtroom, you may be dismissed from the of... Devices are not usually Privy Councillors gender or age are not really an issue Ontario K1A 0A4 us make! & publications give spectators warnings, hold them in contempt, or even have them arrested rare... A date change ], please? ” some positions with evidence if you must have something drink... To tell the whole truth, is that considered perjury you represent yourself in legal... ) 7 bar ) and the area in general are referred to as 'the gallery ' information not. Used in the courtroom and, in many civil cases, personal cameras, and razor blades –! Them, or if they ask you questions, respond to “ ”. Due to autism clearly and loudly enough to be heard, but they ’ re allowed approach... Matter you address the judge permits also give spectators warnings, hold them in contempt of court date change may. Public inquiry witnesses were never heard over a 3-year divorce make all of your clothing is neat clean! Find an attorney all the time due to autism shoes or sneakers, or if they how to address a female judge! Was co-authored by Clinton M. Sandvick worked as a civil litigator in California for over 7 years are called maiden... Could be the difference between guilty and not guilty continue to provide you our! Members who wish to address a New Zealand Disputes hearing Referee include email...